Syntheses of the results of research on voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) are provided, along with links to abstracts or (when available) full-text articles. These research summaries cover the clinical trial results that spurred the introduction of VMMC services and the emerging evidence on how to strengthen those services. The Clearinghouse also publishes a quarterly research digest.
Infant Male Circumcision Male infant circumcision has recently become an issue of increasing contention. In addition to religious grounds for the procedures, other promote it for assumed medial and hygienic benefits. Opponents on the other hand believe that male circumcision is a cruel practice that causes unnecessary harm to babies on both the.
Excerpt from Essay: Routine Infant Male Circumcision While female genital mutilation has garnered a great deal of attention in recent years, male genital mutilation or circumcision has been for the most part overlooked in research reports.Safety research; Safety research. Studies of male circumcision show that the procedure is safest when it is performed in a clinical setting by well-trained providers who have the necessary equipment and supplies. When circumcision is provided in non-medical or ill-equipped settings, however, post-surgery complications are common and may be severe. Early infant male circumcision. Adult and.Infant male circumcision continues despite growing questions about its medical justification. As usually performed without analgesia or anaesthetic, circumcision is observably painful. It is likely that genital cutting has physical, sexual and psychological consequences, too. Some studies link involuntary male circumcision with a range of negative emotions and even post-traumatic stress.
After reviewing existing medical research, the American Academy of Pediatrics announced in 1999 that circumcision has no medical benefit and shouldn't be recommended for all baby boys. And by 2002.Read More
Along the way, we discuss ongoing disagreements about the ethical status of nontherapeutic infant male circumcision and draw some more general lessons about the problem of cultural bias in medicine. In 2012 the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a policy statement and technical report stating that the health benefits of newborn male circumcision outweigh the risks.Read More
Indeed, the Western research community on male newborn circumcision seems, as a whole, to be biased towards emphasizing benefits to newborn male circumcision, while downplaying risks or harms. This bias may even be quite personal, down to the circumcision status of the researcher conducting or interpreting the research. In a survey of 572 doctors, Muller (2010) found that “although most.Read More
Essay Male Circumcision: A Social and Medical Misconception University of Johns Hopkins Introduction Male circumcision is defined as a surgical procedure in which the prepuce of the penis is separated from the glands and excised. (Mosby, 1986) Dating as far back as 2800 BC, circumcision has been performed as a part of religious ceremony, as a puberty or premarital rite, as a disciplinary.Read More
Male circumcision and female circumcision have some similarities. For the males, they are born with a fold of skin located over the head of the penis. This is called the glans or foreskin. In the circumcision this is surgically removed and is usually performed 48 hours after birth but can be done 2-3 weeks after birth as well. This procedure does not necessarily have any medical benefits. It.Read More
The overall aim of the research outlined in this PhD thesis is to assess the feasibility and acceptability of early infant male circumcision (EIMC) as an HIV prevention intervention in Zimbabwe in order to inform roll out. Mathematical modelling estimates that circumcising 1.9 million Zimbabwean men aged 15-49 by 2015 could avert 42% of new HIV infections that would have otherwise occurred by.Read More
Introduction. Infant male circumcision (IMC) is generally enveloped in a complex web of cultural and religious beliefs and practices.() Whether to circumcise an infant is a multifactorial decision, and influenced by numerous factors, including but not limited to parents’ race, ethnicity, insurance status, socioeconomic status, hospital type, geographic region, and healthcare provider (HCP.Read More
The purpose of this study was to as-sess providers ’ level of infant male circumcision knowledge and to identify the associated characteristics. Methods An online survey was administered to healthcare providers in the family medicine, obstet-rics, and pediatrics medical specialties at an urban academic health center. To assess in-fant male circumcision knowledge, a 17 point summary score was.Read More
This paper is intended to help physicians use their professional judgement when a request is made for routine infant male circumcision. While parental preference is important, factors like the best available evidence regarding potential benefits and complications, alternatives to this intervention, the infant's best interest, and current understanding of bioethics should be taken into.Read More
Infant Male Circumcision: A Catholic theological and bioethical analysis David Albert jones Abstract Infant male circumcision (IMC) has become controversial among Catholics and many have criticised the practice of routine IMC, still widely performed in the United States. Others have gone further, claiming that circumcision has been condemned explicitly by the Church and criticising IMC as.Read More